Where is Tuvalu situated?
worlds-smallest-cities The formerly known as the Ellice Islands is the fourth smallest country in the world and It is located in the Pacific Ocean, about midway between Hawaii and Australia.
Tuvalu is a group of nine tiny islands in the South Pacific which won independence from the United Kingdom in 1978 and Five of the islands are coral atolls , the other four consists of land rising from the sea bed . The closest neighbours are Solomon in the east , and Fiji in the South.
The total land area of the islands of Tuvalu is 26 square kilometres. Life on the islands is simple , and often harsh .There are no stream or rivers , so the collection of rain is essential.
Copra – dried coconut kernel – is practically the only export commodity.
The currencies widely used are the Tuvaluan dollar and the Australian dollar.The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians.On 5th September 2000 , the Tuvalu became the 189 th member of the United Nations.
The San Marino
Which is the 5 th smallest country in the world?
Landlocked San Marino is world’s fifth smallest country. It is a small republic situated on the slopes of Mount Titano , and surrounded on all sides by Republic of Italy. It is the smallest independent state in Europe after the Vatican City and Monaco and , untill the independence of Nauru (1968) , the smallest republic in the world.
San Marino claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state in the world , and is also one of the wealthiest in terms of GDP per capita. It has population of only 30,000 . The country boasts of one of the lowest unemployment rates in the world.
Tourism dominates the economy of the 61 square kilometres republic, which plays host to more than three million visitors every year.
The official language of the country is Italian. Its capital is the City of San Marino and its largest city is Serravalle .
The currency of the country is the Euro . The country’s economy mainly relies on finance , industry , service and tourism. It is among the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP (per capita) . It is the only country with more vehicles than people!
What are the unique features of Liechtenstein?
A German – speaking country, this is the only nation in
the world to be completely located in the Alps .
Lichtenstein is located between Switzerland and Austria. It is constitutional monarchy ruled by the heredity and princes of the house of Liechtenstein. The country’s capital is Vaduz.
The country has only about 37,000 people in roughly 160.5 square kilometres. There is no airport within its borders . Visitors must go through Switzerland’s Zurich Airport to reach this Alpine country . Liechtenstein has one of the world’s lowest crime rates .
Liechtenstein has no natural resources of commercial value , and virtually all raw materials, including wood ,have to be imported.
Despite is small size and limited national resources Liechtenstein is one of the richest countries in the world , on a per capita GDP basis .
It has developed since the 1940’s from a mainly agriculture, to an industrialized country and a prosperous centre of trade and tourism. In 1921 , Liechtenstein adopted the Swiss franc as its currency. Tourism is a leading sector of Liechtenstein’s economy.
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